data (Sources of data: MOH, special studies )
How common are diarrheal diseases? What proportion of clinic visits?
Which populations are most affected?
Have cholera outbreaks occurred? When and where do cholera outbreaks typically
infrastructure (Source of data: Ministry responsible for water)
What proportions of urban and rural populations are not served with potable water
Where are underserved populations located?
What is the microbiologic quality of source water in target populations?
handling practices (Source of data: Survey)
Who collects and handles household water supplies?
How common is it to store water in the home?
Is household water storage particularly common in certain populations?
What types of water storage containers are used?
Do target populations use unsafe water handling practices, such as dipping?
What water treatment practices are commonly used, if any?
aspects (Source of data: Survey research)
What do target populations understand about disease transmission through water?
What do target populations understand about causes and prevention of diarrhea?
Is clean water a high priority for target populations?
Are there cultural barriers to water interventions (e.g., religious or ancestral
associations with water supply)?
Who makes decisions about household expenditures?
aspects (Source of data: Donor agencies, NGOs, water ministry)
What are potential sources of external funds?
What donors have previously funded water projects?
Can target communities pay for products?
Is ability to pay seasonal (e.g., in agricultural communities)?
support and infrastructure (Source of data: government, NGOs)
Which government departments and officials can be approached for support?
What NGOs are present in country?
Which areas have a government or NGO infrastructure to build on?
Which organizations are potentially available for the various aspects of implementation
(e.g., hospitals, health centers, NGOs, women's groups, local companies)?