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Resources for Safe Water, Hygiene and Sanitation


Home > Resources > Resources for Safe Water, Hygiene and Sanitation

In order to provide more comprehensive and meaningful search results on our site, several reports are available for viewing and download directly from this web site. Kindly visit the main sites of the author organisations for more complete and updated information. We acknowledge our gratitude to the many people and sources whose work has been drawn freely upon. We thank them all.
 



 

Facts for LifeFacts for Life

Author: UNICEF, WHO, UNESCO, UNFPA, UNDP, UNAIDS, WFP and the World Bank
Publication date: April 2010
Languages: English French Spanish

The fourth edition of Facts for Life contains essential information that families and communities need to know to raise healthy children. This handbook provides practical advice on pregnancy, childbirth, childhood illnesses, child development and the care of children. This edition also features a new chapter on child protection. The book is intended for parents, families, health workers, teachers, youth groups, women’s groups, community organizations, government officials, employers, trade unions, media, and non-governmental and faith-based organizations.
 


 

Diarrhoea: Why children are still dying and what can be done

Diarrhoea : Why children are still dying and what can be done

14 October, 2009 - New UNICEF/WHO Report Focuses Attention on Diarrheal Disease—the Second Leading Killer of Children Under 5—and Outlines 7-point Plan to Control This Preventable and Treatable Illness

The report highlights the proven diarrheal disease prevention and treatment solutions already available today. Many children in the developing world cannot access urgent medical care for severe illnesses, making prevention methods—including improved hygiene, sanitation, safe drinking water, exclusive breastfeeding, and vaccines preventing rotavirus—critical components of diarrheal disease control. When diarrhea occurs, it can be effectively treated with simple solutions, including oral rehydration therapy/oral rehydration solution, zinc and other micronutrients, and continued feeding.

Read more


 

Maharashtra, India

Maharashtra State - Waterborne Diseases Epidemic Information
For the  last 10 years - as at 20 March 2004

Maharashtra State - ORS Supply Information
For the  last 10 years - as at 20 March 2004
 


Guides

Anganwadi - Guide
click to enlarge

Anganwadi - Guide

Audience:


49 pages - Maharashtra Anganwadi Guide in pdf formatpdf 2.1 mb

India

WHO - Diarrhoeal Diseases Control - Esamples of Health Education Materials
click to enlarge

Diarrhoeal Diseases Control
Examples of Health Education Materials


Audience:

WHO
1982

Multi-language examples from around the world
Posters  39 pages - Posters - WHO Diarrhoeal Diseases Control Examples of Health Education Materials in pdf formatpdf 12 mb
Flash cards  4 pages - Flash cards - Diarrhoeal Diseases Control Examples of Health Education Materials in pdf formatpdf 1.3mb
Leaflets  11 pages - Leaflets - WHO Diarrhoeal Diseases Control Examples of Health Education Materials in pdf formatpdf 4 mb
Slide sets  4 pages - Slide sets - WHO Diarrhoeal Diseases Control Examples of Health Education Materials in pdf formatpdf 696 kb
Newsletters and comics  2 pages - Newsletters and comics - WHO Diarrhoeal Diseases Control Examples of Health Education Materials in pdf formatpdf 899 kb

Complete document   60 pages - WHO - Diarrhoeal Diseases Control Examples of Health Education Materials in pdf formatpdf 18.9 mb

 


 


Safe Water System - Developed by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Progress For Children: A Report Card on Water and Sanitation
Number 5, September 2006 - UNICEF

Unsafe water and the lack of basic sanitation and adequate hygiene contribute to the leading killers of children under five, including diarrhoeal diseases, pneumonia and undernutrition, and have implications for whether children, especially girls, attend school. This means that achieving Millennium Development Goal 7 and its 2015 targets of reducing by half the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation are of vital relevance for children and for improving nutrition, education and women's status. Progress for Children: A Report Card on Water and Sanitation will report on whether the world is on course to reach MDG 7 – and where efforts are falling short.


 

Progress For Children: A Report Card on Water and Sanitation


 

How to turn unsafe water into drinkable water

Step 1
If necessary: Remove particles
To remove contamination with solid particles pre-filter the unsafe water with a piece of cloth or a coffee filter. This method does not remove micro-organism. You still have to disinfect with heat or chemicals.

Step 2a
If possible: Disinfection with heat
Sufficient heat will kill micro-organisms in contaminated water already at a temperature below the boiling point. During the time needed to reach boiling point the water is heated long enough for disinfection. There is no need to boil water for 5 minutes, 10 minutes, or 20 minutes, as some guide books recommend!

Step 2b
If heat is impossible: Chemical Disinfection

A) With Iodine
Iodine has advantages over chlorine in convenience and efficacy; and the taste is less offensive. It is safe for short and intermediate length use (3-6 months), but questions remain about its safety in long-term usage. It should not be used by persons with allergy to iodine, persons with active thyroid disease, or pregnant women. When the iodine is added to the water leave the preparation for 30 minutes in clear weather or 60 minutes in cloudy weather.

Table of available Iodine preparations:
 

Iodine Preparations Amount/Liter
Iodine Topical Solution 2% 8 drops
Iodine Tincture 2% 8 drops
Lugol's Solution 5% 4 drops
Povidone-Iodine (Betadine�) 10% 4 drops
Tetraglycine hydroperiodide (Globaline�, Potable Aqua�, EDWGT�) 8 mg   1 tablet



B) With chlorine
Any common brand of liquid chlorine bleach contains 5-6 % sodium hypochlorite. For 1 liter of unsafe water use 4 drops chlorine and wait 30 minutes. For 20 liters of water add 80 drops (1 tablespoon or 5 ml) chlorine. Measuring by drops is more accurate and the preferred method. When the chlorine is added to the water leave the preparation for 30 minutes in clear weather or 60 minutes in cloudy weather.

Dr. Walter Schrader - remedi.org


 

WHO | Water Sanitation & Health
WHO Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) series.

This series focuses on health related goals, indicators, and targets. The one page MDG flyers focusing on water and sanitation, highlighting Goal 7 are now available in English, French and Spanish: These are:

Health through safe drinking water and basic sanitation
Health through integrated water resources management
Health through safe health care: safe water, basic sanitation




 

UN | Water for Life, 2005-2015 - International Decade for Action

  Video: "Water for Life"
produced by Global Visions [English] [French]  Real Player download
Booklet for the International "Water for Life" Decade Booklet for the International "Water for Life" Decadepdf 20 pages 2.1 mb

Water is essential for life.
Yet many millions of people around the world face water shortages. Many millions of children die every year from water-borne diseases. And drought regularly afflicts some of the world’s poorest countries. The world needs to respond much better. We need to increase water efficiency, especially in agriculture. We need to free women and girls from the daily chore of hauling water, often over great distances. We must involve them in decision-making on water management. We need to make sanitation a priority. This is where progress is lagging most.

Kofi A. Annan, 22 March 2005


 

WHO | Water, Sanitation and Hygiene links to Health: Facts and Figures
updated November 2004 WHO Water, sanitation and hygiene links to health: facts and figures29 kb
Diarrhoea
  • 1.8 million people die every year from diarrhoeal diseases (including cholera); 90% are children under 5, mostly in developing countries.
  • 88% of diarrhoeal disease is attributed to unsafe water supply, inadequate sanitation and hygiene.
  • Improved water supply reduces diarrhoea morbidity by between 6% to 25%, if severe outcomes are included.
  • Improved sanitation reduces diarrhoea morbidity by 32%.
  • Hygiene interventions including hygiene education and promotion of hand washing can lead to a reduction of diarrhoeal cases by up to 45%.
  • Improvements in drinking-water quality through household water treatment, such as chlorination at point of use, can lead to a reduction of diarrhoea episodes by between 35% and 39%.

more


 

WHO | Guidelines for drinking-water quality

WHO | Guidelines for drinking-water quality, third edition  WHO | Guidelines for drinking-water quality, third edition5.34 mb

Drinking-water quality is an issue of concern for human health in developing and developed countries world-wide. The risks arise from infectious agents, toxic chemicals and radiological hazards. Experience highlights the value of preventive management approaches spanning from water resource to consumer.

WHO produces international norms on water quality and human health in the form of guidelines that are used as the basis for regulation and standard setting, in developing and developed countries world-wide.

You can link here to:

Guidelines for Drinking-Water Quality, 3rd (current) edition
Index of background documents on chemical hazards in drinking-water
Rolling revision of the WHO Guidelines for Drinking-water Quality
Guidelines for Drinking-Water Quality, 2nd & previous editions
Training material on drinking-water quality

Other guidelines that deal with:
Safe recreational (bathing) waters
Safe use of wastewater, excreta and grey water

Other information that may be of interest
Water resources quality
Emerging issues in water and infectious disease
Arsenic in drinking-water
Information flyer on the 3rd edition of the guidelines [pdf 590kb]
Water for health brochure



 

Off-Site Links

WHO

Water, Sanitation and Health
WHO works on aspects of water, sanitation and hygiene where the health burden is high, where interventions could make a major difference and where the present state of knowledge is poor:
 

:: Drinking-water quality
:: Bathing waters
:: Water resource quality
:: Water supply and sanitation monitoring
:: Water, sanitation and hygiene development
:: Wastewater use
:: Water-related disease
:: Healthcare waste
:: Health in water resources development
:: Emerging issues in water and infectious disease


 

Health Topics: Diarrhoea
Fact Sheets, links to descriptions of activities, reports, news and events and links to related web sites and topics.

Water-related diseases
Diarrhoea occurs world-wide and causes 4% of all deaths and 5% of health loss to disability.

Household water
The International Network to Promote Household Water Treatment and Safe Storage

Drinking Water Quality
Contaminated drinking water contributes to disease in developing and developed countries worldwide.

The International Network to Promote Household Water Treatment and Safe Storage
Household water treatment and safe storage (HWTS) interventions can lead to dramatic improvements in drinking water quality and reductions in diarrhoeal disease

WHO Child Health

Water and sanitation related diseases fact sheets
 



Oneworld Water and Sanitation

 



World Water Council World Water Vision

Making Water Everybody's Business 
by William Cosgrove and Frank Rijsberman

Launched at the Second World Water Forum in the Hague March 2000

Leaflet - pdf format - doc format
 

Making Water Everybody's Business

  • More than a billion people do not have access to safe drinking water.

  • More than half the population do not have access to adequate sanitation.

  • At least 3-4 million people die every year of water related diseases.

  • More than half the worlds wetlands were destroyed during the last century.

    Order your copy -- Includes a free CD-ROM
     

 

 


 



 

Meeting the MDG Drinking Water and Sanitation Target: 
A mid-term assessment of progress 

http://www.unicef.org/publications/index_23559.html

26 August, 2004

In adopting the Millennium Development Goals that address the most pressing development issues, countries pledged to halve the proportion of people without access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation. Yet, more than 1 billion people today lack safe drinking water, and some 2.6 billion - half of the developing world - lack improved sanitation. This publication reports on our progress towards the MDG goal of ensuring environmental sustainability. It seeks to encourage countries slow to meet the target to accelerate action, and highlights areas where efforts need to be strengthened in order to meet the goal. 

UN Water Report Meeting the MDG Drinking Water and Sanitation Target
Meeting the MDG Drinking Water and Sanitation Target

 



More information: 

Why world's taps are running dry

Water Facts: The Big Picture 
Water Facts - The Big picture  A statistical view of the world's water - BBC News 

Water Facts - The Big picture

World's water hot spots
From disappearing lakes and dwindling rivers to military threats over shared resources, water is a cause for deep concern in many parts of the world. Supplies are threatened by overuse, bad management and changing weather patterns. The pressure will only increase as populations grow. 

more info 



 

Water Related Links

World Water Day 2005
United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization;
presentations of the WWD 2005
World Health Organization; an advocacy guide

Management of Water Resources
United Nations Development Programme; UNPD and Water
World Water Council; Making Water Everybody’s Business
UNESCO; World Water Assessment Programme
The 4th World Water Forum, 2006

Freshwater
International Year of Freshwater, 2003
United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs; Freshwater, interagency activities
Freshwater Resources at UNEP
Dushanbe International Freshwater Forum, Dushanbe Water Appeal

Water-related issues and Education
UNESCO: Education for sustainable development 
United Nations Decade for Human Rights Education, 1995-2004

Water and Disasters
Water World Day 2004, Water and Disasters
International Strategy for Disaster Reduction; news

Water and Sanitation
WHO: Water, Sanitation and Health

Others

Calendar of the UN water-related events
UN Millennium Project
International Strategy for Disaster Reduction, International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction
United Nations Library
United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development
Small Islands, Big Issues

Media Information
Press Releases/Statements and Media inquiries
UN Newscentre
 

 

 


 

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