Programmes for Safe Water Management
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Mother & Child Nutrition
Programmes and Audiences
No claim for originality of the programmes is made by HETV.
We acknowledge our gratitude to the many people and sources whose work has been
drawn freely upon. We thank them all.
Programmes will be supplemented and supported by booklets,
leaflets, posters and informational guides in Marathi and English, and made
freely available at health worker stations, hospitals, schools, and more.
Progress For Children: A Report Card on Water and Sanitation
Number 5, September 2006 - UNICEF
Unsafe water and the lack of basic sanitation and adequate hygiene contribute to
the leading killers of children under five, including diarrhoeal diseases,
pneumonia and undernutrition, and have implications for whether children,
especially girls, attend school. This means that achieving Millennium
Development Goal 7 and its 2015 targets of reducing by half the proportion of
people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation
are of vital relevance for children and for improving nutrition, education and
women's status. Progress for Children: A Report Card on Water and Sanitation
will report on whether the world is on course to reach MDG 7 – and where efforts
are falling short.
Safe Water Management
Safe Water Systems
Safe Water Systems are water quality interventions that employ simple,
inexpensive and robust technologies appropriate for the developing world. The
objective is to make water safe through disinfection and safe storage at the
point of use. The basis of the intervention is:
Point-of-use treatment of contaminated water using sodium hypochlorite
solution purchased locally and produced in the community from water and salt
using an electrolytic cell;
Behaviour change techniques, including social marketing, community
mobilization, motivational interviewing, communication, and education, to
increase awareness of the link between contaminated water and disease and the
benefits of safe water, and to influence hygiene behaviours including the
purchase and proper use of the water storage vessel and disinfectant.
Water Storage in plastic containers with a narrow mouth, lid, and
a spigot to prevent recontamination.
Disinfect soiled water with this free and easy
technique using solar radiation. This simple process of filling
transparent containers with water, and exposing them to full sunlight for
about five hours, destroys pathogens in the water.
Treat soiled water and prevent the spread of disease
by promoting the practice of boiling water and the usage of chlorine,
iodine, or even household bleach, to conduct home water disinfection.
Health workers will be trained to use these practices, and will convey
the techniques to mothers.