• Foster and support a global culture of handwashing with soap.
• Shine a spotlight on the state of handwashing in every country.
• Raise awareness about the benefits of handwashing with soap.
Global Handwashing Day was originally created for children and schools, but can be celebrated by anyone promoting handwashing with soap. Each year, over 200 million people are involved in celebrations in over 100 countries around the world. Global Handwashing is endorsed by a wide array of governments, international institutions, civil society organizations, NGOs, private companies, and individuals.
Hand Washing with Soap and Water
Promote the habit of Hand Washing with Soap and Water to decrease episodes of diarrhoea. To ensure the sufficient availability of soap, partnerships with local manufacturers will be used to promote this practice.
Diarrhoea is the single biggest cause of infant and child mortality in India.
Worldwide, surveys have shown that hand-washing alone reduces the instance of diarrhoea by as much as 43 percent.
Name: Hand Washing with Soap and Water
Theme: Safe Water Management
Region and Country: Maharashtra, India
Proper hand washing is important in preventing the spread of communicable disease. Proper hand washing is not just a quick cold rinse of the hands. It requires 20 seconds of your time, warm water, soap (liquid is best) and some devoted scrubbing. This means washing around tips of fingers, fingernails, and the web, as well as the front and back of your hands. The dirtier the hands, the longer the wash time. Use the paper towel to turn off the faucet handle. This reduces the risk of picking up bacteria from the handle.
Hands should be washed:
After using the restroom
After coughing, sneezing or using a tissue
Before and during food preparation
If changing from raw to ready to eat food preparation
Before meals, snacks or refreshment
After eating, drinking or using tobacco
After handling or touching pets or other animals
As often as necessary to remove contamination
After any activity that might soil the hands
Parents can help to protect young children against diarrhoea by adopting certain hygienic practices. One very important practice is hand-washing. This programme will promote and educate about washing hands with soap as a habit and a way of life for the people in Maharashtra.
Promotion will be of good hand-washing procedures which requires the use of soap (or a local substitute), plenty of water, and careful cleaning of all parts of the hands. If water is scarce, it can be used more than once to wash hands. It can then be used to wash the floor, to clean the latrine, or to irrigate the vegetable garden.
Families will be advised to create a place within the home for hand-washing. This should have a wash basin, a container for water, and soap (or a local substitute).
All members should wash their hands well:
after cleaning a child who has defecated, or after disposing of a child's stool;
before preparing food;
before feeding a child.
An adult or older sibling should wash the hands of young children.
Through promotion of correct hand-washing procedures, and education about why this is necessary, families and members of the community will become more aware of the necessity and importance about hand-washing. Episodes of diarrhoea will be significantly decreased through this habit.
Programme Management and Implementation:
Messages and information about proper hand-washing procedures will be provided to mothers, health care providers, and the general public through training programmes, TV and radio broadcasts, and instructive pamphlets. The materials designed for and used in the program will be pre-tested to ensure clarity and success on a larger scale. Additionally, to ensure the sufficient availability of soap, campaigns, collaborated with local manufacturers will be used to promote this practice.
Programme Monitoring and Evaluation:
Initially programme monitoring will ensure that soap is available and instructional material is reaching the targeted audiences. Eventually, monitoring will check recall, understanding, and application of correct hand-washing practices among all members of the community. Statistics on those washing hands with soap when recommended will be evaluated and compared to statistics before program implementation. The program will be accommodated as necessary.
Learning and Dissemination:
The results of the initiative include improvements in handwashing behaviour associated with reductions in diarrhoeal disease, leveraging of significant additional resources for public health, and sustained involvement of the private sector partners in public health promotion.
On 14 October, 2010 10,000 children, together with the Chief Minister of Madhya Pradesh, gathered at Bhopal's Nehru Stadium for a mission. The mission to spread hand washing with soap and water as a life saving behaviour among their peers - key idea behind the 2010 Global Hand Washing Day.
When Must you Wash your Hands
Employees must wash their hands right before they begin food preparation. This includes working with food equipment and utensils, handling unwrapped single-use utensils, such as disposable cups and spoons, and touching food that is not pre-packaged.
A person needs to wash their hands after they touch or handle an animal, such as a seeing eye dog or other service animal. The rule also applies to animals that will be butchered or turned into a meal.
Employees need to wash their hands after handling dirty dishes, whether the dishes are from the tables or are equipment used to prepare the meals. Typically, cooks do not handle dirty dishes, but the kitchen may be understaffed on occasion.
People may need to wash their hands frequently when preparing food to prevent cross-contamination. For example, if a cook is preparing raw chicken, then will cut raw vegetables, they should wash their hands between handling the chicken and vegetables.
If a person is working with raw food, then plans to work with packaged food, they need to wash their hands before handling the packaged food to prevent the spread of bacteria from the raw food to the pre-made food.
Hand washing is essential before a person puts on latex or vinyl gloves to handle food. Most likely, the person will have just been performing another activity that requires them to wash their hands anyway.
Health & Hygiene Kit -
Sesame Workshop is the non-profit organization behind Sesame Street and other educational children’s media. They create innovative and engaging educational content for children from birth to age 12 in over 120 countries worldwide. In India, as elsewhere, their unique approach brings together local experts to determine educational goals based on the specific needs of children in the country.
3. Caregiver guides to create/design activities related to hand washing
4. Set of Sequencing cards
5. Set of flash cards on healthy habits
A Guide for Developing a Hygiene Promotion Program to Increase Handwashing with Soap The Handwashing Handbook
79 pages 661 kb
The Handwashing Handbook lays out the experiences of the Public-Private Partnership for Handwashing in a practical guidance document. The Handbook is designed for staff in governments and development organizations charged with carrying out handwashing programs. Decision makers in ministries and funding agencies will also find assistance in designing policies and programs to improve public health. The Handbook outlines a large-scale approach to handwashing promotion and covers laying the foundation for a national program, consumer research, program implementation, and organization.
TippyTap - Save water. Save lives.
Hand washing with soap is simple, but working to increase this behaviour requires thoughtful, tailored and creative interventions with sustained follow up.
Global Scaling Up Handwashing is a Water and Sanitation (WSP) project focused on applying innovative behavior change approaches to improve handwashing with soap behavior among women of reproductive age (ages 15–49) and primary school-age children (ages 5–9). It is being implemented by local and national governments with technical support from WSP in four countries: Peru, Senegal, Tanzania, and Vietnam.
The Story of a Successful Public-Private Partnership in Central America
Camille Saad�, Massee Bateman, Diane B. Bendahmane. Published by the Basic Support for Child Survival Project (BASICS II), the Environmental Health Project, the United Nations Children’s Fund, the United States Agency for International Development, and The World Bank. Arlington, Virginia, September 2001.
The Central American Handwashing Initiative aimed to reduce morbidity and mortality among children under five through a coordinated communication campaign promoting proper handwashing with soap to prevent diarrheal disease. The Initiative was conceived and facilitated by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) through two of its projects: Basic Support for Institutionalizing Child Survival (or BASICS) and the Environmental Health Project (EHP).
This study has evaluated the effects of wash time, friction and soap on the decontamination of hands seeded with Escherichia coli. In one protocol contaminated hands were held passively under running tap water. In another, contaminated hands were again held under running tap water and the fingers and palms rubbed together. In the final protocol soap and friction were used under running water. The number of contaminant E. coli transferred by touch contact to food or a surrogate item representing skin was quantified, before washing and after washing for intervals up to 20 s. Decontamination profiles were determined for each protocol. When hands were washed under running water with friction over a period of 20 s, the number of E. coli contaminating food and the skin surrogate was progressively reduced respectively to 0.18% and 0.34% of the baseline level. Running water alone was comparatively ineffective. The addition of soap showed a modest benefit. We conclude that in situations where hands are not visibly soiled, a purposeful hand wash under running water for 20 s, with friction, will deliver an effective outcome that can be improved marginally by the addition of soap. Water music for hand hygiene Is soap really needed after using the toilet?
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