Maharashtra State - Health Status
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Maharashtra State is rich in its social and cultural heritage. In the last Census, population wise Maharashtra was the Third largest State in the country. However, as per the recently concluded 2001 Census, it stands as the second largest state in
India, a fact which is hard to digest in view of the vigorous population control measures implemented in the past.
The Sex ratio has also declined from 934 to 922 (M/F), particularly in the
below 6 years age group where it is 917. This is a very alarming situation and indicate towards the female status in the society. However, the rising literacy rate amongst female and the fact that there is no district with female literacy below 40% is a solace.
In view of this background, the State has formulated the population policy. Stringent
measures have been indicated in the policy towards population stabilisation and specific goals have been set to be achieved by the year 2004.
The State has also accepted the strategy of implementing Reproductive health and child health
programme. The programme places a challenge to the health infrastructure since the components include comprehensive health care for all age groups.
The issues like adolescent health, age at marriage, prenatal sex determination, sex education,
unwanted pregnancy; women's empowerment, RTI/STI & HIV / AIDS need to be
The key to all these issues is quality of care. There is lot of scope for improving the image of the Health Services by improving quality of service delivery.
The State had always been in the forefront of making innovative schemes in the field of health programmes.
Following are some of the achievements of the State.