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Maharashtra State - Health Status


Home > India > Maharashtra > Health Status > Blindness Control


 

NATIONAL PROGRAMME FOR CONTROL OF BLINDNESS (NPCB)

National Programme For Control of Blindness (NPCB) was launched in 1976. Since then, the programme is implemented as 100% Centrally Sponsored Programme.

GOAL

To Bring down the prevalence of Blindness from 1.4% in 1975 to below 0.3% by 2000 A.D.

STRATEGY

  • Eye Health Education
  • Eye Camp Approach
  • Establishing Institutions for Comprehensive Eye Care


AIMS

  • 60% cataract surgeries on bilateral blind persons.
  • 40% cataract surgeries on below poverty line people (SC/ST)
  • 60% surgeries by IOL technique in public sector.
  • More than 50% surgeries in Base Hospitals.


CAUSES OF BLINDNESS

  • Cataract : 80%
  • Refractive Error: 8%
  • Cornealopacity : 3%
  • Glaucoma: 3.8%
  • Vito A Deficiency: 0.5%


OBJECTIVES

  • High quality high volume surgery
  • Reducing the backlog by more than 50%
  • Reducing incidence of bilateral blind by more than 30%.
    The Programme is monitored by the Joint Director of Health Services, located in the Directorate of Health Services, Mumbai.

 


Infrastructure Available

 


 

S. No.

Institutes Total

1

Primary Health Centres (Selected) 612

2

District Mobile Units 33

3

District Hospitals 39

4

Medical Colleges 4

5

Base Hospitals (at Rural Hosp.) 78

6

Eye Banks 93

7

District Blindness Control Societies (DBCS) 31


Resources Available

 

Public Private Total

Ophthalmic Surgeons

231 925 1156

Para Medical Ophthalmic Asstts.

683 - 683

Eye Beds

 922 2900 3822

Eye Banks 

37 56 93




STEPS PROPOSED TO ENHANCE THE PROGRAMME

Shift in emphasis from quantitative achievement of cataract operation to qualitative outcome.

  1. Technological Advancement (ECCE / 10L) in cataract surgery by training of OS & Providing, package of equipments.
  2. Shift from Camp approach to Institutional approach for Cataract Operations.
  1. Standard guidelines are prepared & circulated to all Medical Colleges & District Hospitals. 
  2. Approach envisages Pick up Camps, Free transportation & institutional surgery.
  1. Revised computerized M.I.S. to monitor quantitative coverage & qualitative outcome of cataract operations.
  2. Training for Ophthalmic Nursing in Ophthalmology.
  3. To construct Eye units (Wards + OT) at 21 places.
  4. National Sample Survey in district Satara.
  5. Annual Maintenance Contract for 18, operating Microscopes (Lice) & other major equipments



 

 

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