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Human Development Reports

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Human Development Reports

All National and State reports for India

Country Fact Sheets
Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Iran, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka
- Regional Human Development Report
HIV/AIDS and Development in South Asia
2003 - Country Fact Sheets - Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Iran, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lankapdf - 12 pages 622 kb

Engaged Governance for Human Development:
A Case Study of Sub-National Human Development Reports in India

By Rajan Katoch, Joint Secretary, Planning Commission, Government of India, New Delhi
UN DESA Interregional Workshop on Engaged Governance, 09-11 December 2003, Colombo, Sri Lanka
June 4, 2002 - Engaged Governance for Human Development: A Case Study of Sub-National Human Development Reports in Indiapdf - 20 pages 260 kb


Human Development Report Maharashtra Human Development Report Maharashtra 2002
Published by: Government of Maharashtra

The Maharashtra Human Development Report attempts to assess and explain the status of human development in the State. Moving from the state to the district level, issues related to population, poverty, education, health, nutrition and gender have been analyzed.

While highlighting the State’s achievements, the report recommends interventions for sustainable human development. In particular, the report calls for better management of water resources, stabilization of income potential from agriculture operations, empowerment of women, compulsory elementary education for all children and improved healthcare. 

Maharashtra's first HDR acknowledges the state's unique experience in human development, highlighting progress made in poverty eradication, education, health, employment and people's participation in local governance. While access to education and health care provision have become more comprehensive in accordance with national planning objectives, the influence of women in public life has also increased in recent years. Nonetheless, there are many new development challenges. To further homogenous human development within the state, stronger public action focused on the most vulnerable groups is needed. These are some of the key messages of the Maharashtra's Human Development Report (MHDR) 2002.

Title: Human Development Report Maharashtra 2002
Year of Publication: 2002
No. of Pages: 294
Published by: Government of Maharashtra
Download Complete Maharashtra HDR 2002 Complete Maharashtra HDR 20024.99 mb

Highlights of Maharashtra HDR (2002)
June 4, 2002 - Highlights of Maharashtra HDR (2002)pdf - 4 pages 155 kb

Synopsis of Maharashtra HDR (2002)
June 4, 2002 - Synopsis of Maharashtra HDR (2002) pdf - 10 pages 283 kb

Maharashtra Human Development Report Launch
June 4, 2002 - Synopsis of Maharashtra HDR (2002)pdf - 12 pages 231 kb


Human Development Report Maharashtra 2002


Front Cover 
Back Cover
Title Page 
Copyright Page

– Chief Minister
– Minister for Finance and Planning 
– Member, Planning Commission 
– UNDP Resident Representative and UN Resident Coordinator 

List of Contributors 
List of Boxes 
List of Tables 
List of Figures 

CHAPTER I: Human Development: Concept and Measurement
CHAPTER II: Rich Heritage: A Guide to the Future 
CHAPTER III: Population: Trends and Prospects
CHAPTER IV: Economic Development: Growth and Equity 
CHAPTER V: Health and Nutrition 
CHAPTER VI: Education 
CHAPTER VII: Gender Issues 
CHAPTER VIII: Growth and Human Development 
CHAPTER IX: The Way Forward 


1. District Domestic Product
2. National Sample Survey Data on Consumer Expenditure 
3. Expert Group Methodology on Poverty Line
4. Methodology for the Construction of the HDI 
5. Methodology for the Construction of Achievement Indices in Education 
6. Methodology for the Construction of Achievement Indices in Health 

Annexure Tables: Index 
1. Key Indicators: Table 1
2. Population: Tables 2– 12 
3. Economic Growth and Poverty: Tables 13– 27A 
4. Health and Nutrition: Tables 28– 53 
5. Education: Tables 54–89 
6. Gender Issues: Tables 90– 108 
7. Human Development Indicators: Tables 109– 117


List of Boxes 
3.1 Fertility Rates: Rural vs Urban
3.2 The New Population Policy 
3.3 A Huge Urban Sprawl 
3.4 Mumbai Metropolis— Shifting Populations 
4.1 Informal Sector and Employment in Maharashtra
4.2 The Landless Farmer and EGS 
4.3 Participatory Irrigation Management: Pani Panchayats in Maharashtra 
4.4 Sectoral Composition and District Incomes 
4.5 Tackling the Developmental Backlog in Maharashtra 
4.6 How Does EGS Work? 
4.7 Energy Intake and Undernutrition 
5.1 HIV/ AIDS and Human Development in Maharashtra 
5.2 Assessment of Healthcare Facilities in Public Sector 
5.3 Private Healthcare— Evidence through Utilisation Studies 
5.4 Whys of Private and Public Investment 
5.5 Accreditation initiative in Mumbai 
5.6 Decentralisation of Primary Healthcare 
5.7 The People's Health Campaign in Maharashtra and improvement in Health Services 
6.1 Private Efforts 
6.2 State Education Policy and Programmes 
6.3 Night Schools For Day Workers 
6.4 Education of Children With Disabilities 
7.1 To Protect the Vulnerable 
7.2 Data Inadequacies 
7.3 Son Preference 
7.4 Single Women and Deprivation 
7.5 Trafficking in Women 
7.6 Helping Victims of Violence 
7.7 Child Marriage and Teen Pregnancy 
7.8 Female Headed Households 
7.9 Rule by Proxy 
7.10 'Our Vote . . . ' 

List of Tables 
1.1 Maharashtra in a Comparative Framework 
3.1 Contribution of Net Migration to Population Growth in Maharashtra 
3.2 Population Growth and Density in Maharashtra, 1961– 2001 
3.3 Mortality Transition in Maharashtra 
3.4 Phases of Fertility Transition in Maharashtra 
3.5 Age Specific and Total Fertility Rates and Crude Birth Rates from NFHS-1, NFHS-2, and the SRS by residence 
3.6 Vital Rates: Comparison of Maharashtra with Select States 
3.7 Comparison of Maharashtra with Select States— Factors Leading to Fertility Decline 
3.8 Level of Urbanisation in Maharashtra 
3.9 Population, Annual Rates of Growth, Components of Growth of Greater Mumbai, 1951– 91 
3.10 Population Growth of Divisions 
3.11 Division-wise Rural– Urban Growth of Population, Maharashtra, 1991, 2001 
3.12 Slum and Non-Slum Population of Ten Cities/ Towns in Maharashtra 
3.13 Utilisation of Health Services and its impact on Fertility and Mortality 
4.1 Sectoral (%) Distribution of Workers: Maharashtra 
4.2 Unemployment Rate (%) (Daily Status): Maharashtra and All-India 
4.3 Relative Sectoral Product per Worker: Maharashtra 
4.4 Average Consumption, Inequality and Poverty across Districts: Maharashtra (1993/ 94) 
5.1 Prevalence of Ailments and Hospitalisation by MPCE Fractile Group and Social Group, Maharashtra 1995– 96 
5.2 Percentage Distribution of Deaths by Major Cause Groups in Rural Maharashtra (excluding Senility) 1981– 94 
5.3 Incidence of Undernutrition of Children (below two years of age) 
5.4 Prevalence of Selected Diseases in Maharashtra
5.5 HIV/ AIDS Status in Maharashtra Indicators, August 1986 to October 2000 
5.6 District-wise number of AIDS cases reported and deaths reported in Maharashtra, August 1986 to February 2001 
5.7 Percentage of Households having Drinking Water and Sanitation Facilities in Maharashtra 
5.8 Percentage of Households having Water Supply and Sanitation Facilities, Maharashtra 
5.9 Differentials in Level of Key Indicators of RCH by selected Background Characteristics, 1998– 99 
5.10 Percentage Receiving selected Antenatal Care Services 
5.11 Number of Hospitals, Beds and Dispensaries per lakh population across States and by Rural and Urban Areas 
5.12 Availability of Medical Care Facilities in Maharashtra 
5.13 Average Population Covered by PHC, CHC and Sub-Centre 
5.14 Healthcare human power availability in Rural Areas of Maharashtra as on 30–6–1998 
5.15 Availability of at least 60 per cent of critical inputs in District Hospitals, First Stage Referral Units and Community Health Centres, Maharashtra, 1999– 2000 
5.16 Healthcare Facilities in Mumbai, Rural and Urban Maharashtra by Public and Private Sector 
5.17 Utilisation of Public and Private Facilities in Rural and Urban Maharashtra 
5.18 Per cent of users of Public Health Facilities in Maharashtra 
5.19 Public Expenditure on Healthcare in Maharashtra 
5.20 Percentage distribution of Medical Expenditure in Public Healthcare Sector by selected Line Items in Maharashtra, 2000– 2001 
5.21 Expenditure on Malaria Control Programme by Line Items (in percentage), Maharashtra 
5.22 Expenditure on Leprosy Control Programme by Line Items (in percentage), Maharashtra 
5.23 Expenditure on National Tuberculosis Control Programme by Line Items (in percentage), Maharashtra 
5.24 Average out-of-pocket Medical Expenditure on Treatment of an Ailment in Outpatient Care and Inpatient Care Units, 1986–87 and 1995–96 
6.1 Resource Allocations: Maharashtra and Some Major States, 1997–98 
6.1A Actual Expenditure on Education 
6.2 Growth of Schools and Colleges in Maharashtra, 1960–1998 
6.3 Growth of Schools, Teachers and Students: Ratios over Time 
6.4 Participation of Girls in Different Levels of Education 
6.5 Dropout Rates by Standard in Maharashtra, 1998–99 
6.6 Primary and Secondary Schools by Management Type, Maharashtra 1998–99 
6.7 Trends in Male and Female Literacy Levels, Maharashtra 1951–2001 (per cent) 
6.8 District-wise Literacy and Rates: 2001 
6.9 District-wise Gender Dimensions in Educational Attainment: 2001 
6.10 District-wise Literacy Rates for Rural and Urban: 2001 (per cent) 
6.11 Years of Schooling, Maharashtra and Other States 
6.12 Percentage of Students Passing Board Exams in Maharashtra 
6.13 Percentage of Educational Attainments of Workers in Agriculture in Maharashtra 
6.14 Government of India and State Share of Resources for DPEP Project 
6.15 Literacy Percentage: Rural Areas/ DPEP 
6.16 Estimates of Enrolment and Out of School Children DPEP Nine Projects Districts 1999–2000
7.1 Age-Specific Mortality Rates for Maharashtra– 1996 
7.2 Number of Women Engaged in Household Duties
7.3 Proportion of Women Engaged in Domestic Work, in Maharashtra— 1999–2000 
8.1 Human Development Indicators— Education 
8.2 Human Development Index and Per Capita District Domestic Product 
8.3 Achievement and Improvement Indices for Literacy (1991–2001) 
8.4 Achievement and Improvement Indices for IMR (1981–1991) 

List of Figures 
3.1 Desire for No Children and use of Contraception among Couples with Two Living Children 
3.2 Percentage Urban Population in Maharashtra, by Divisions, 1991, 2001 
3.3 Decadal Growth of Rural and Urban Population in Maharashtra by Divisions, 1991–2001 
4.1 State Domestic Product: Re 21,22,160 million (1999– 2000) 
4.2 Comparison of Irrigation and Productivity over Four Decades 
4.3 Comparison of Irrigation and Productivity of Land 
4.4 Per Capita District Domestic Product: 1998–99 
4.5 Labour Attendance under the EGS: 1975– 2001 
4.6 Incidence of Poverty across Districts: Maharashtra (1993–94) 
4.7 Incidence of Urban Poverty: Maharashtra and All-India
4.8 Incidence of Poverty (Rural and Urban Combined): Maharashtra and All-India
5.1 Trends in Infant Mortality, Maharashtra 1971– 1999
5.2 Trends in Life Expectancy at Birth, Maharashtra 1970– 97
5.3 Rural-Urban Differentials in Infant Mortality Indicators: Maharashtra 1997
5.4 Adequacy of Calorie Intake in Maharashtra
5.5 Percentage of Eligible Women/ Children Enrolled and Benefited under the ICD Scheme in Maharashtra State (March 2001)
5.6 Prevalence of Tuberculosis, Maharashtra: 1992– 93 and 1998– 99
5.7 Growth of Health Care Facilities, Maharashtra, 1961– 1995
5.7A Health Facilities in Public and Private Sector, Maharashtra
5.8 Population Served Per Hospital Bed, Maharashtra, 1961– 1995
6.1 Growth of Primary and Secondary Schools: Maharashtra, 1960– 1998
6.2 Main Activity of Children (Age 11– 14): Percentage of Total Child Population Percentages of Total Child Population Census Data
6.3 Dropout Rates of Different Stages, 1998– 99
6.4 Percentage of Students who pass Board Exams: Maharashtra, 1998– 1999
6.5 Educational Attainments: Workers in Agriculture: Maharashtra NSS 55th Round
6.6 Educational Attainments: Social Groups NSS 55th Round, Maharashtra 97
7.1 Missing Women
7.2 District-wise Gaps in Male/ Female (M– F %) Literacy Rate Maharashtra, 2001

Human Development Report - Maharashtra 2002
Government Central Press
Netaji Subash Road
Charni Road, Mumbai 400 004
Near Tarapurwala Aquarium
Next to Government Printing Press




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