Health Education To Villages
 
Home Programmes Resources India Partners Site Map About Us Contact Us
 



Connect

Follow MotherChild on Twitter  Connect with MotherChild on Facebook  Subscribe to HealthPhone on YouTube

 



Programmes for:



HealthPhone: Health, Medical, Training Videos


Healthcare Information For All by 2015


I Support Defeat DD

Health Information in Multiple Languages

National Portal of India

National Health Portal of India
National Health Portal



Creative Commons 4.0 License

<!-- function MM_swapImage() { //v3.0 var i,j=0,x,a=MM_swapImage.arguments; document.MM_sr=new Array; for(i=0;i<(a.length-2);i+=3) if ((x=MM_findObj(a[i]))!=null){document.MM_sr[j++]=x; if(!x.oSrc) x.oSrc=x.src; x.src=a[i+2];} } function MM_swapImgRestore() { //v3.0 var i,x,a=document.MM_sr; for(i=0;a&&i<a.length&&(x=a[i])&&x.oSrc;i++) x.src=x.oSrc; } function MM_preloadImages() { //v3.0 var d=document; if(d.images){ if(!d.MM_p) d.MM_p=new Array(); var i,j=d.MM_p.length,a=MM_preloadImages.arguments; for(i=0; i<a.length; i++) if (a[i].indexOf("#")!=0){ d.MM_p[j]=new Image; d.MM_p[j++].src=a[i];}} } //-->


World - India and States / Union Territories - Rural - Urban distribution of population


Home > India > Rural - Urban distribution of population - India and States / Union Territories

Rajmata Jijau Mother-Child Health & Nutrition Mission
The National Family Health Survey (NFHS-3)
Maharashtra - Health Education To Villages
Rajasthan, India
Water News - India
World - India and States / Union Territories - Rural - Urban distribution of population
Statistics UNICEF - India
DHS - Country Stats - India
Directory of official Health and Medical web sites
Top Rankings - India
Bottom Rankings - India


Census India
National Commission on Population
Demographics of India
Population Clock



Country Comparison
Population compares estimates from the US Bureau of the Census based on statistics from population censuses, vital statistics registration systems, or sample surveys pertaining to the recent past and on assumptions about future trends. » Download data

2014 World Population Data Sheet
Theme: Progress and Challenges. You'll see examples of achievements over the last several decades: The proportion of people living in poverty has declined, infant mortality has dropped, and fewer mothers are dying in childbirth. But progress has been uneven.

This year's data sheet has detailed information on 16 population, health, and environment indicators for more than 200 countries. For three of the indicators, infant mortality, total fertility rate, and life expectancy, we have included data from 1970 and 2013—to show change over time. Our environment indicator this year, carbon emissions, shows data from 1990 and 2012.


Population Bulletin: "The World at 7 Billion"

This Population Bulletin looks at the four phases of the demographic transition as descriptive of past and future population growth. The report highlights four countries to illustrate each phase and its implications for human well-being: Uganda (high birth rate, fluctuating death rate); Guatemala (declining birth and death rates); India (approaching replacement-level fertility); and Germany (low or very low birth and death rates).

 

The World at 7 Billion: A PRB Interactive Map

Which countries will grow the most by 2050? Where is infant mortality highest? How does contraceptive prevalence vary worldwide? Find the answers in PRB’s interactive map. Browse through 17 indicators organized in six tabs, ranging from life expectancy, HIV/AIDS, family planning, poverty, and more. View data on global, regional, or country maps or tables. You can easily embed the map on your blog or website. View full size

 

Video: "7 Billion and Counting"

Watch an informative and compelling 3-minute video that explains global population trends and varying levels of population growth and decline among countries. The video explains the "Demographic Transition" ---- the shift from high to low birth and death rates. How can the size of the world's population still be increasing even though the population growth rate has declined?

 

 

 

 

Every minute, 51 babies are born in India, 11 of them in the most populous state, Uttar Pradesh.

 

 

India's Population : India Likely to Surpass China in Population by 2030

Will India’s Population Reach 2 Billion?

On Oct. 17, 2007 Carl Haub, Population Reference Bureau's senior demographer, conducted an online discussion focusing on India's population, which reached 1 billion in 2000. Will lower fertility rates have a significant impact on India reaching 2 billion? Read the transcript of the questions and answers.

Also read the report on which the discussion was based, The Future Population of India: A Long-Range Demographic View



 

Current Population: India        World  

 


 
Rate of Increase in Indian Population
Per Year 1,55,31,000
Per Month 12,73,033
Per Day 42,434
Per Hour 1,768
Per Minute 29

 

India's Population 2012

Census of India (2012)  |  Census of India (2001)

The Indian Census is the most credible source of information on Demography (Population characterstics), Economic Activity, Literacy and Education, Housing & Household Amenities, Urbanisation, Fertility and Mortality + more

- Census 2011 covered 35 States/Union Territories, 640 districts, 5,924 sub-districts, 7,935 Towns and 6,40,867 Villages. In Census 2001, the corresponding figures were 593 Districts, 5,463 sub-Districts, 5,161 Towns and 6,38,588 Villages. There is an increase of 47 Districts, 461 Sub Districts, 2774 Towns (242 Statutory and 2532 Census Towns) and 2279 Villages in Census 2011 as compared to Census 2001.

- The growth rate of population for India in the last decade was 17.64%. The growth rate of population in rural and urban areas was 12.18% and 31.80% respectively. Bihar (23.90%) exhibited the highest decadal growth rate in rural population.

- India’s population in 1901 was about 238.4 million, which has increased by more than four times in 110 years to reach a population of 1,210 million in 2011.

 

 

Current Population of India in 2012 1,220,200,000 (1.22 billion)
Total Male Population in India 628,800,000 (628.8 million)
Total Female Population in India 591,400,000 (591.4 million)
Sex Ratio 940 females per 1,000 males
Age structure
0 to 25 years 50% of India's current population
Currently, there are about 51 births in India in a minute.
India's Population in 2011 1.21 billion
India's Population in 2001 1.02 billion
Population of India in 1947 350 million
 


Current Population of India - India, with 1,220,200,000 (1.22 billion) people is the second most populous country in the world, while China is on the top with over 1,350,044,605 (1.35 billion) people. The figures show that India represents almost 17.31% of the world's population, which means one out of six people on this planet live in India. Although, the crown of the world's most populous country is on China's head for decades, India is all set to take the numero uno position by 2030. With the population growth rate at 1.58%, India is predicted to have more than 1.53 billion people by the end of 2030.

More than 50% of India's current population is below the age of 25 and over 65% below the age of 35. About 72.2% of the population lives in some 638,000 villages and the rest 27.8% in about 5,480 towns and urban agglomerations. The birth rate (child births per 1,000 people per year) is 22.22 births/1,000 population (2009 est.) while death rate (deaths per 1000 individuals per year) is 6.4 deaths/1,000 population. Fertility rate is 2.72 children born/woman (NFHS-3, 2008) and Infant mortality rate is 30.15 deaths/1,000 live births (2009 estimated). India has the largest illiterate population in the world. The literacy rate of India as per 2001 Population Census is 65.38%, with male literacy rate at 75.96% and female at 54.28%. Kerala has the highest literacy rate at 90.86%, Mizoram (88.80%) is on the second position and Lakshadweep (86.66%) is on third.

Every year, India adds more people than any other nation in the world, and in fact the individual population of some of its states is equal to the total population of many countries. For example, Population of Uttar Pradesh (state in India) almost equals to the population of Brazil. It, as per 2001 Population Census of India, has 190 million people and the growth rate is 16.16%. The population of the second most populous state Maharashtra, which has a growth rate of 9.42%, is equal to that of Mexico's population. Bihar, with 8.07%, is the third most populous state in India and its population is more than Germany's. West Bengal with 7.79% growth rate, Andhra Pradesh (7.41%) and Tamil Nadu (6.07%) are at fourth, fifth and sixth positions respectively. The sex ratio of India stands at 933. Kerala with 1058 females per 1000 males is the state with the highest female sex ratio. Pondicherry (1001) is second, while Chhatisgarh (990) and Tamil Nadu (986) are at third and fourth places respectively. Haryana with 861 has the lowest female sex ratio.

Some of the reasons for India's rapidly growing population are poverty, illiteracy, high fertility rate, rapid decline in death rates or mortality rates and immigration from Bangladesh and Nepal. Alarmed by its swelling population, India started taking measures to stem the growth rate quite early. In fact India by launching the National Family Planning programme in 1952 became the first country in the world to have a population policy. The family planning programme yielded some noticeable results, bringing down significantly the country's fertility rate. In 1965-2009, the contraceptive usage more than tripled and the fertility rate more than halved. The efforts did produce positive results, however, failed to achieve the ultimate goal and the population of India since getting independence from Britain in 1947 increased almost three times. Whereas India has missed almost all its targets to bring the rate of population growth under control, China's 'One Child Policy' in 1978, has brought tremendous results for the latter. The policy claims to have prevented between 250 and 300 million births from 1978 to 2000 and 400 million births from 1979 to 2010.

 

 

Current Population of India 2012

Rank State or union territory Population (2011 Census) Density (per km�) Sex ratio
01 Uttar Pradesh 199,581,477 828 908
02 Maharashtra 112,372,972 365 946
03 Bihar 103,804,637 1102 916
04 West Bengal 91,347,736 1029 947
05 Andhra Pradesh 84,665,533 308 992
06 Madhya Pradesh 72,597,565 236 930
07 Tamil Nadu 72,138,958 555 995
08 Rajasthan 68,621,012 201 926
09 Karnataka 61,130,704 319 968
10 Gujarat 60,383,628 308 918
11 Odisha 41,947,358 269 978
12 Kerala 33,387,677 859 1,084
13 Jharkhand 32,966,238 414 947
14 Assam 31,169,272 397 954
15 Punjab 27,704,236 550 893
16 Haryana 25,353,081 573 877
17 Chhattisgarh 25,540,196 189 991
18 Jammu and Kashmir 12,548,926 56 883
19 Uttarakhand 10,116,752 189 963
20 Himachal Pradesh 6,856,509 123 974
21 Tripura 3,671,032 350 961
22 Meghalaya 2,964,007 132 986
23 Manipur 2,721,756 122 987
24 Nagaland 1,980,602 119 931
25 Goa 1,457,723 394 968
26 Arunachal Pradesh 1,382,611 17 920
27 Mizoram 1,091,014 52 975
28 Sikkim 607,688 86 889
UT1 Delhi 16,753,235 9,340 866
UT2 Puducherry 1,244,464 2,598 1,038
UT3 Chandigarh 1,054,686 9,252 818
UT4 Andaman and Nicobar Islands 379,944 46 878
UT5 Dadra and Nagar Haveli 342,853 698 775
UT6 Daman and Diu 242,911 2,169 618
UT7 Lakshadweep 64,429 2,013 946
Total India 1,210,193,422 382 940

 
  • Indian population accounts for 17.5% of the world's population.
  • Indian population comprising of 51.54% males and 48.46% females has increased by about 181.46 million during the last decade.
  • Uttar Pradesh with a population of 199.6 million is the highest contributor to the Indian population.
  • Indian population is estimated to reach 1.3 billion by 2020 despite the decline in the population growth rate and slowdown of birth rate.

 

 

 

 
Notes:
 

  1. The total, rural and urban population of India includes the estimated total, rural and urban population of entire Kachchh district, Morvi, Maliya-Miyana and Wankaner taluks of Rajkot district, Jodiya taluka of Jamnagar district of Gujarat state and estimated total and rural population of entire Kinnaur district of Himanchal Pradesh where population enumeration of Census of India, 2001 could not be conducted due to natural calamities.
     
  2. The figures of total, rural and urban population of Himachal Pradesh state have been arrived at after including the estimated total and rural population of entire Kinnaur district where population enumeration of Census of India, 2001 could not be conducted due to natural calamity.
     
  3. The figures of total, rural and urban population of Gujarat state have been arrived at after including the estimated total, rural and urban population of entire Kachchh district , Morvi, Maliya-Miyana and Wankaner taluks of Rajkot district, Jodiya taluka of Jamnagar district where population enumeration of the census of India, 2001 could not be conducted due to natural calamity.


 

 

 

Statement 1: Rural Urban distribution of population and proportion of Rural and Urban population - India/State/Union Territory : Census 2011 (Provisional)
State/UT Code India/State/Union Territory # Population Population (in %)
Total Rural Urban Rural Urban
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
  INDIA 1,210,193,422 833,087,662 377,105,760 68.84 31.16
01 JAMMU & KASHMIR 12,548,926 9,134,820 3,414,106 72.79 27.21
02 HIMACHAL PRADESH 6,856,509 6,167,805 688,704 89.96 10.04
03 PUNJAB 27,704,236 17,316,800 10,387,436 62.51 37.49
04 CHANDIGARH # 1,054,686 29,004 1,025,682 2.75 97.25
05 UTTARAKHAND 10,116,752 7,025,583 3,091,169 69.45 30.55
06 HARYANA 25,353,081 16,531,493 8,821,588 65.21 34.79
07 NCT OF DELHI # 16,753,235 419,319 16,333,916 2.50 97.50
08 RAJASTHAN 68,621,012 51,540,236 17,080,776 75.11 24.89
09 UTTAR PRADESH 199,581,477 155,111,022 44,470,455 77.72 22.28
10 BIHAR 103,804,637 92,075,028 11,729,609 88.70 11.30
11 SIKKIM 607,688 455,962 151,726 75.03 24.97
12 ARUNACHAL PRADESH 1,382,611 1,069,165 313,446 77.33 22.67
13 NAGALAND 1,980,602 1,406,861 573,741 71.03 28.97
14 MANIPUR 2,721,756 1,899,624 822,132 69.79 30.21
15 MIZORAM 1,091,014 529,037 561,977 48.49 51.51
16 TRIPURA 3,671,032 2,710,051 960,981 73.82 26.18
17 MEGHALAYA 2,964,007 2,368,971 595,036 79.92 20.08
18 ASSAM 31,169,272 26,780,516 4,388,756 85.92 14.08
19 WEST BENGAL 91,347,736 62,213,676 29,134,060 68.11 31.89
20 JHARKHAND 32,966,238 25,036,946 7,929,292 75.95 24.05
21 ORISSA 41,947,358 34,951,234 6,996,124 83.32 16.68
22 CHHATTISGARH 25,540,196 19,603,658 5,936,538 76.76 23.24
23 MADHYA PRADESH 72,597,565 52,537,899 20,059,666 72.37 27.63
24 GUJARAT 60,383,628 34,670,817 25,712,811 57.42 42.58
25 DAMAN & DIU # 242,911 60,331 182,580 24.84 75.16
26 DADRA & NAGAR HAVELI # 342,853 183,024 159,829 53.38 46.62
27 MAHARASHTRA 112,372,972 61,545,441 50,827,531 54.77 45.23
28 ANDHRA PRADESH 84,665,533 56,311,788 28,353,745 66.51 33.49
29 KARNATAKA 61,130,704 37,552,529 23,578,175 61.43 38.57
30 GOA 1,457,723 551,414 906,309 37.83 62.17
31 LAKSHADWEEP # 64,429 14,121 50,308 21.92 78.08
32 KERALA 33,387,677 17,455,506 15,932,171 52.28 47.72
33 TAMIL NADU 72,138,958 37,189,229 34,949,729 51.55 48.45
34 PUDUCHERRY # 1,244,464 394,341 850,123 31.69 68.31
35 A & N ISLANDS # 379,944 244,411 135,533 64.33 35.67
Source: Rural Urban Distribution of Population - India, Census of India 2011
#: Refers to Union Territory
See General Note at http://www.censusindia.gov.in/2011-prov-results/data_files/india/paper_contentsetc.pdf

 

This table in .xls - .pdf (15 July 2011) - .pdf (3 August, 2011) format

 

 


Related Links

Demographics of India - Wikipedia
India Population Graph
India population issues and opportunities they hide
What Is Poverty, Really? The Case of India
Revealing India .... Statiscally
Population Reference Bureau - Discuss


Population Statistics Index
Population of countries
Indian Population
Percentage distribution of population by Age groups
Density of Population
Sex Ratio in India
State Population
Population Clock (World)
Condoms and Contraception
Birth Control Pills
Health Animation-Birth Control Pills
Health Animation - How to use a condom
Health Animation - Female Condom
Know your reproductive system
Health Animation - Male Reproductive System
Vasectomy
Tubectomy
Laparoscopic Tubal Sterilization
Health Animation - Female Reproductive System

 

 

 

 

 

Home  •  Programmes  •  Resources  •  India  •  Partners  •  Site Map  •  About Us  •  Contact Us top of page


The Mother and Child Health and Education Trust - our portals and sites

Another child will die in .... Rehydration Project Health Education to Villages Mother and Child Nutrition Mother and Child Health HealthPhone™
Guide to Child Care Successful Breastfeeding Breast Crawl Facts for Life Diarrhoea: 7 Point Plan AIDS action
imagine Disaster Relief Education for Girls Education for Boys Rights of the Child Polio Free
Community Video Community Radio A Simple Solution Child Protector HealthTube HealthRadio
Kyunki-Jeena Issi Ka Naam Hai Untouchability HIV and Breastfeeding Ebola Resources    
Feedback Form